Most common age-related problems after 60, say doctors
Congratulation! You are past your 40s and 50s and you are now heading into the Golden Age. The kids aren’t home and many of them will be retiring, or already have, which means your stress levels may be lower than ever! However, this “third age” of life can host a variety of other health problems associated with aging. Here are the most common health problems in your 60s, according to experts. Read on and to ensure your health and the health of others, don’t miss these Sure Signs You Have A ‘Long’ COVID And You May Not Even Know It.
Because teeth do not regenerate, as we age our dental health tends to be compromised. “Many people may not realize that good oral hygiene is the gateway to overall good health, and poor oral hygiene can lead to serious health problems, including heart problems. respiratory infections, dementia, cancer and more, ”he points out. Keith krell, DDS, president of the American Association of Endodontists.
The Rx: Regardless of your age, stay in control of your dental health and have regular checkups and cleanings.
Did you get chickenpox as a child? Shingles is a reactivation of the chickenpox virus in adulthood, explains Matthew Mintz, MD. Most of us who grew up before the chickenpox vaccine had chickenpox and it resolved. However, the body never gets rid of the virus, rather the virus hides in the nerve roots, and our immune system keeps the virus there. “As we get older, especially in the 60s and beyond, our immune systems weaken and the virus can travel from the nerve roots to the skin, causing a very painful rash,” says Dr. Mintz. . Plus, in some cases, the pain persists even after the rash goes away with treatment.
The Rx: For this reason, the new shingles vaccine called Shingrix is recommended for adults over the age of 50. “The vaccine strengthens the immune system and is effective in preventing this disease,” says Dr. Mintz.
You survived menopause… yeah! However, hormonal changes, as well as the progressive wear and tear of muscles and connective tissue, can cause more “sagging” in pelvic floor tissue, says a fitness and wellness expert. Kelly bryant. “The biggest problems I see are urinary incontinence (especially leakage when running / jumping / sneezing / laughing) and pelvic organ prolapse,” she reveals.
The Rx: Addressing these problems early in life is the easiest way to avoid them as you get older, says Bryant. However, if this vessel has sailed, there are many non-surgical ways to increase pelvic floor strength and reduce or eliminate these symptoms altogether. “They range from practicing a more effective kegel (slow, controlled engagement of the entire pelvic floor – not just the urethral sphincter – and slow, controlled release), increased awareness of pelvic floor control during l ‘exercise and just a full, deep diaphragm breathing. ”
Because many people in their 60s have high cholesterol or high blood pressure, shortness of breath is a common condition that brings them to the doctor’s office, reveals Joyce Oen-Hsiao, MD, director of clinical cardiology at Yale Medicine. “Years of slightly elevated blood pressure (even just at a 155/85 level) and lack of exercise (because they work so hard) make the heart arteries and heart less compliant, which means they are not able to relax as well as before, ”she explains. Because they also cannot relax, the pressure inside the arteries, and possibly the heart, builds up.
The Rx: The best way to avoid this is to keep your blood pressure under control as soon as you know it is starting to rise. Additionally, Dr. Oen-Hsiao suggests trying to do cardio exercise (walking, cycling, running, etc.) regularly, noting that the American Heart Association recommends 150 minutes of moderate cardio exercise each week. “By doing these two things, the arteries and the heart won’t stiffen as quickly,” she says.
For the same reasons, many people in their 60s suffer from swelling of the ankles and lower legs. “It is a common problem and it is caused by stiffening of the heart arteries and also of the heart,” says Dr. Oen-Hsiao.
The Rx: In addition to doing the same things recommended for shortness of breath, Dr. Oen-Hsiao suggests avoiding salty foods, “as it can raise your blood pressure and cause swelling in the legs.” If you’re already having symptoms, your doctor may prescribe a diuretic (a water pill) to help get rid of the fluid that has built up. “Make sure you take this water pill (with your blood pressure pills) as prescribed,” she adds. And keep in mind: the best prevention is to be on top of your health as soon as possible. “Remember to take care of yourself and your body so that you can enjoy your retirement with as few pills as possible!”
Falling asleep and staying asleep can become more difficult as we get older, in part because our bodies make less growth hormone and melatonin, but getting our Z is more important than ever. Charles Odonkor, MD, a Yale Medicine physiatrist, points out that people in their 60s often lack sleep and spend less than the recommended 7 to 9 hours per night. While this may in part be due to existing medical issues or stress, external factors also play their part. “Watching TV, using smartphones, computers, iPads and smart devices in bed at night increases our exposure to artificial lighting at night and this chronically disrupts our body’s natural clock, the circadian rhythm. “, he emphasizes. “Exposure to artificial light causes our bodies to secrete less melatonin, which delays falling asleep and leads to poor quality sleep. Doing this every night can lead to chronic sleep deprivation, which decreases anabolic hot spots. necessary for building muscle strength. This increases catabolic hormones like cortisol associated with stress, weight gain, chronic fatigue and impaired cognition. “
The Rx: Dr. Odonkor suggests improving your sleep patterns by simply turning off your electronic devices before bed.
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Dr Siri Smith at Tru Whole Care points out that aging can lead to degeneration of the spine and joints, which is why so many older people need joint replacement surgeries.
The Rx: Dr. Smith suggests taking care of your body, whether it’s chiropractic work, physiotherapy, or exercise, “all with the goal of relieving pain, restoring function and stopping the degenerative process.” ! ”
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As we age, we can lose muscle strength and joint flexibility, which also affects our reaction time. “We’re also more likely to have increased vestibular problems, which means that our decreased sight and hearing can throw our balance out of balance,” says Dr. Smith. This is why the older we get, the more we seem to fall.
The Rx: Strengthen your body! “There are many exercises that can specifically help with balance,” maintains Dr. Smith. “Tai chi is very helpful or just stand on one leg at a time for 30 seconds with your eyes open. If it becomes easy, do it with your eyes closed. Make sure you are near a wall to hang on if necessary! “
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If you experience pain in your legs, it may be due to certain medical conditions or medications, or it may be as simple as dehydration or an electrolyte imbalance, Dr. Smith points out. Unfortunately, they can also be very painful and wake us up during the night.
The Rx: Staying hydrated and taking a magnesium supplement can be helpful in preventing leg cramps, Dr. Smith points out. She also suggests speaking with your doctor to find out if any of your medications are causing pain.
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No, it’s not just your imagination: you are shrinking. Science has established that everyone loses height as they age. However, some people shrink faster than others due to osteoporosis and spinal degeneration, which is the loss of spinal disc height and joint cushioning.
“Poor posture can cause back and neck pain due to the forward position of our heavy heads on our little necks,” says Dr. Smith. In turn, this can affect our breathing, as it decreases the space for our heart and lungs. “It makes us look older than we are and bad posture leads to further degeneration of the spine because it adds extra load to our bones and muscles that it is not designed for.”
The Rx: Take care of your body. Exercise is a great way to keep your bones healthy. And to get through this pandemic in better health, don’t miss these 35 places where you’re most likely to catch COVID.